General guidelines for taking DNA samples
- Do each test separately, disinfect hands and work surfaces, and use new material for each test.
- Package the sample for each dog separately in a clean, dry paper envelope for hair samples, saliva or blood swabs. Do not use plastic bags.
- Label each sample with the dog’s information before continuing with the next one. This must contain: The full name and registration number of the dog.
- Refer to step-by-step instructions: pdf DNA Saliva Collection Procedure using Cotton Swabs (66 KB) .
- Hold the dog firm but in a comfortable position to reach the ear.
- Use a sterile needle and prick the ear. Blood will appear after a few seconds. Use a new needle for each dog.
- Use a blood collection card, blotting tissue or toilet paper for blotting as soon as you have a reasonable drop of blood.
- Allow the blood to air dry at room temperature out of direct sunlight.
- Wait until the blood on the paper has dried completely before putting it in a paper envelope.
Hair follicle samples:
- Ensure that the dog is clean and dry before taking the sample.
- Use a tweezer and pull out hair at the base of the tail towards the head of the dog.
- Take care as the hair follicle must be attached to each hair, or will be worthless. 30-40 hair samples with follicles are required.
- Place the samples in a clean, dry, paper envelope.